|Filipino nurse Marciana Erispe tends to a mother inside the maternity ward of the government-run Dr. Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, in Manila. (Photo from Eloisa Lopez)|
[Asia News Communication = Reporter Reakkana] The Philippines trails behind India and China when it comes to the most common birth countries of highly educated migrants living in countries under the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
India topped the list, with 3.12 million migrants known to be residing in OECD nations as of 2015 to 2016, as per the OECD via Statista. China followed suit with 2.25 million migrants, the Philippines with 1.89 million migrants, the United Kingdom with 1.75 million migrants, and Germany with 1.47 million migrants. The statistics were based on a working paper from the OECD published last Feb. 20, “A Global Profile of Emigrants to OCED Countries: Younger and More Skilled Migrants from More Diverse Countries.” It was reported that 120 million people make up the adult foreign-born population of OECD countries from 2015 to 2016.
Health care professionals, especially nurses, comprise much of the highly skilled Filipino migrants in OECD countries and elsewhere. Citing a 2005 working paper on Philippine health workers migration commissioned by the International Labour Organization, the report found that Filipino nurses represented the largest category of health workers leaving the country, followed by midwives and doctors. This phenomenon is informally referred to as “brain drain,” or the exodus of highly educated and highly trained people from their birth country for jobs in other countries.